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Last spring I decided to participate in the Garbage & Recycling program offered by our local farmers. Apart form being very informative and inspiring, the free classes helped me understand just how important and natural it is to transform organic waste into soil building substances. I also came to realize just how much we need to get back to our roots and produce our own organic products in this ever expalnding, but way too artificial world (food-wise especially). Below, I will furthermore discuss the necessary steps to proper maintenance of a composting project.

Cafe outdoor chairs

Nobody wants to start the warm season taken aback by the worn out look of the outdoor furniture that awaits repairment or maybe even replacement. However, before you decide to skip the DIY and buy new cafe outdoor chairs and table, perhaps you could explore all avenues and try to revive the furniture that suffered from the tyranny of several seasons on your own.

Below you can find several sections with maintenance tips, depending on the particular material of your outdoor furniture. We chose the three most common materials:

The Wicked Wicker

Wicker is a type of material that can give you a headache when it comes to its protection and care, however, we all love it since it looks so darn good. Initially, wicker furniture was constructed by split reed, rattan or coated paper, however, nowadays manufacturers have started adding metal as to give more strength to its structure. This is why it is a bit of a drag when you are considering the proper way to clean it – the mixture of materials calls upon mixture of techniques as well. Vacuuming is an unavoidable first step, followed by cleaning with a mild soap or solution. Use only a few drops of water since it can damage and weaken the fiber – this is why we may never allow wicker furniture stay out in the rain. Before you repaint it, rub it gently with fine-grit sandpaper and you’ll certainly retrieve some of its old glow.

The Fantastic Plastic

Sometimes it seems like there isn’t anything that plastic would fail to mimic. Unfortunately, it is not good for our environment, but if we all spare a moment to recycle the used plastic from our homes, we could enjoy its benefits with clear conscience. The greatest perk about plastic is that it does not require much attention or maintenance. Its only enemy is the scorching sun, therefore if you manage to keep it away from it – you will prolong its life. Once damaged or worn out, plastic could be revived by using 10 parts water to 1 part of chlorine bleach. For milder stains, a mild soap solution would work perfectly too.

Maintaining Metal

Metal furniture has many enemies, the most common ones being rust stains and mold. Well, truth to be told, metal cafe outdoor chairs and tables can really take up much time to re-touch and revive. It all starts with a mild soap solution, then you need to remove the rust stains and mold thoroughly with fine-grit paint and apply a new coat of paint. It is also recommendable to use a silicone stray as to lubricate the swivels and the glides of the chairs.

Hopefully, these tips will help you keep your outdoor furniture in great condition longer, since sooner or later we all come to the conclusion that proper maintenance leads to prolonged radiance!

When looking for ceiling lights for the bedroom, what most of us want is to set the right mood by using lights as the herald of peace and comfort. For this purpose, you will need a plan, just like with every other aspect of decorating. You need to understand the limitations of your room and consider your needs when coming up with an appropriate lighting plan.

A lot of amateurs make the mistake of thinking that to identify Chinese porcelain vases all you need to know is the mark, when in reality you need so much more to be able to identify the age and manufacturer.

It is a complex process to be able to identify and authenticate Chinese vases, it involves taking a closer look at a number of factors before deciding. An experienced collector will know that it takes a lot more than just looking at the mark. The factors that you must consider include the shape, colours, mark, age signs, decoration styles, foot, and the glaze all of which will be discussed in detail below.



Since porcelain was first used in China, there have been many dynasties that produced different Chinese vases and porcelain products. Most Chinese vases did not differentiate within a single reign or dynasty which is one of the ways we can identify Chinese porcelain. Most utensils stayed basically the same whereas Chinese vases and jars, were changed more often. When you want to identify Chinese porcelain the first thing that your eye sees is the shape. You should research and gain basic knowledge of what shapes were used in China so you can decide whether the object is from that time period.


Colours are another way to identify the authenticity of the vase or porcelain. Some colours or combinations of colours were not available at certain periods of time, so seeing a colour that does not fit either makes it a reproduction or a fake. Some of the earliest vases were a basic blue and white but the tone of these blues change varying on whether it was imported, sourced domestically or a mixture of the both. In some dynasties, imports weren’t available so this is another way you can identify the porcelains value.


The next stage of the identifying process is looking at the pattern and decorations. There are certain patterns and designs that will be deemed acceptable or appropriate or they will be unacceptable. Painting, patterns and decorations will vary on the era and dynasty so study them and know them well.


The bottom side of many porcelain products is a great way to indicate just how old it is or when it was produced. The process that goes into making these items has changed many times over the centuries so knowing the technique used in the era you are looking for will help. You can see if there are any signs indicating whether this technique was used or not.



The glaze is also a great indicator. Knowing how different Chinese vases were glazed in each era will give you an indication to their authenticity. As well as providing you an indication to the age of the object, you can sometimes see if it has been exposed to the elements.


The same goes for the clay, it has been changed and refined many times over the centuries. Knowing what kind of clay was used and how the clay was made will give you another indication as to how old the vase is and what era it was made in.

Age Signs

You should check for age signs. Look for the techniques that were used in production, for example, kiln firing.


If there is a visible mark then the collector should know if it fits in with the period that the item was produced in.

There are several things you need t consider before you make a deal with a removalist. Looking for the most reliable removalist Australia can be a time-consuming task if you are not aware on which most important details you need to focus. If you and the removal company succeed in covering these basic necessities, it says a lot about the potential you have for a good collaboration.

Vinyl Floor Covering In Bathroom

Bored with your bathroom and want to update its outmoded look but renovation is impossible because of the high costs? What if we tell you that there is another way to give your bathroom a makeover by simply installing a vinyl floor covering? Yes, that’s very possible! And affordable! And trendy! And awesome!

An updated bathroom can instantly add more beauty and value to your home. A new vinyl floor covering is the most inexpensive way to get a new bathroom and you can complete this project in one weekend. Yes, that’s right!

This floor covering is very similar to sheet vinyl covering, as they have almost the same basic installation requirements. Even the same tools are used. If you are thinking about installing a vinyl floor covering in your bathroom, here are the vital steps you need to follow.

#1: Estimate How Much Covering You Need

First measure both the width and the length of the bathroom floor in square meters. Once you have the measurements, proceed and prepare the room for the vinyl floor covering.

#2: Prepare The Room For Vinyl Floor Covering

First, remove all the furniture, appliances and the toilet seat from the bathroom. Then, take the door out of the hinges. If there is a floor trim molding, remove it using a pry bar. Put the pry bar between the trim and the wall, but be careful not to damage the wall. To protect the wall, put a small wooden piece when prying the trim. If there are any nails from the wall, use a plier to remove them.

#3: Prepare The Floor For Vinyl Floor Covering

The vinyl floor covering can be installed on any type of material, including concrete. The area where the covering will be applied should be clean, smooth and dry. If there are any cracks or holes, repair them before installing the covering. Use a grinder to lower any high spots you notice and take a sledgehammer to remove any minor bumps from the concrete flooring. Once the flooring is in good condition, you can apply the vinyl floor covering with the help of an embosser. If your floor is hardwood, embossed, uneven or cushioned, underlayment will be required. Also, if you are removing the old floor or the rough area is too severe for a covering, cover it with a layer of underlayment.

#4: Fit The Vinyl Floor And Install It

To make sure your bathroom will look amazing, cut the floor to fit and fit each piece of the covering in place. You can either use a template or an installation kit to fit the covering. This will require an adhesive to the subfloor before you lay the floor in position. Then just press firmly and wait for it to lock in place. At the end, clean the excess of adhesive and you have your new bathroom.

Loose lay flooring is a common choice of many homeowners. Interior designers love it as it is very versatile and easy to install and maintain. More importantly, it can fit almost any style of furniture and room décor since it is available in many different colours.

Loose lay flooring also gives warmth to the room, something that marble for example, simply can’t offer. Probably the best feature of loose lay is the fact that it is very easy to install. If you choose loose lay that doesn’t require the use of adhesives or click system, than your job is even easier! The entire procedure is very simple, and it comes down to carefully following few steps.


1. Preparing the sub floors

Loose lay can be installed on wooden and concrete floors, PVC covering, ceramic tiles and on existing flooring. The important thing is to clean the surface and prepare it properly beforehand. If you have wooden flooring, the wood should be of building quality, flat and smooth. It should be swept clean and there shouldn’t be any debris before the installation of loose lay flooring. Concrete floors shouldn’t have any cement leftovers, cracks or unevenness. PVC, ceramic tiles or existing flooring should just be in good shape; if there are any holes, make sure you fill them and smooth the surface.


2. Installation procedure

  • Measure the room first to know the squareness of the walls and the width of the last row of planks. If the width of the last row of planks is less than 50 mm, you should adjust the first row as well, so you’d get even looking flooring.
  • Start placing the planks in the direction where most traffic flow is in the room. Loose lay flooring should be parallel to the longest room dimension.
  • Place the first three rows tightly together to form the foundation, and make sure they are completely straight, as these will give you guidance of direction and how should the rest of the flooring be placed.
  • If you need to cut the planks, use only a sharp utility knife.
  • After each cut, use end joints to finish the plank.
  • If you need to cut shapes, use a pattern and your utility knife to cut the flooring into the desired shape.

3. Maintenance

Loose lay flooring requires a very simple and regular cleaning:

  • Make sure you vacuum or sweep the floor regularly to remove debris and dust;
  • Wipe any spills right away to prevent stains;
  • Don’t use wax, polishers or other cleaners;
  • Use floor protector pads when moving heavy furniture to prevent scratches;
  • Don’t expose loose lay flooring to direct sunlight for long time

Additional guidelines would include to avoid scratching loose lay flooring by moving heavy furniture often. Also, make sure the doors are tightly attached and straight, because if they are loosen on the upper attachment even a tiny bit, they will lean towards the ground and scratch your floors every time you open or close them. Keep the room temperature between 14°C and 28°C and you’ll have floors that will serve you for a long time.

Tired of paying high heating bills? Wonder how you can keep your house warm this winter in the most cost-efficient way? Well, we have the right solution for you – Carpet Underlay! By laying carpet underlay your carpet will be soft and comfortable that you would rather lay on it while watching TV. The carpet underlay creates a smooth and solid foundation for any type of finishing flooring. And it prolongs the life span of your beautiful carpet. Many homeowners prefer and suggest laying carpet underlay, because the underlays offer excellent heat insulation.

Laying carpet underlay underneath your carpet gives you a lot of benefits. No more draft, no more noisy neighbors! Now, your carpet will have a softer feel. And, it’s pretty easy to install. You don’t have to hire someone to do the installation for you. You can place the underlay all by yourself, saving in this way money. All that you need to do is to follow the following simple steps:

Laying Carpet Underlay

Step 1 – Before you start doing anything, prepare the surface where you plan to put the carpet underlay. Clean your your floor by using a vacuum cleaner. It’s recommended to check your floor surface for any screws, nails, holes or any other surface defects. If there are any surface defects, try to cover or repair them before you proceed laying the carpet underlay.

Step 2 – Size matters right? Therefore, make sure you measure the room properly so you don’t get short. It’s better to leave at least 20 centimeters extra on each side, just to make sure you can cover the whole surface. You can always cut the excess later on.

Step 3 – Once you clean the surface and measure the exact size, it’s time to place the underlay from one end to another. You must be careful when laying carpet underlay. Push the sheet tightly against the wall and cut the extra underlay by using a sharp cutting tool.

Step 4 – Next, fix the underlay to the floor by using a staple gun. You can even add screws on every 10 to 15 centimeters. Laying carpet underlay is not a time consuming process. In just 1 or 2 hours you will finish the whole job. If you are using a rubber underlay, then all you’ll have to do is cut out the exact size. Some underlays come in sheets, and you need to attach one sheet to another.

Step 5 – Finally, you are getting to the end. Take a razor knife and remove the excess underlay around the corners, vents and other obstructions that you have in your room. And there you go! You have a reliable and strong foundation for your beautiful carpet.

If you are looking for a quick and easy installation, incredible designs, affordable pricing, durable and long lasting floors, then go with vinyl flooring installation. Perfect way to spruce up your room without spending too much money. You don’t have to be some kind of an expert to install vinyl floors, just make sure you follow certain steps to get the vinyl flooring perfectly set.

Before you actually start the whole procedure, decide whether you need vinyl floor glue or not. The final decision will depend on the size of your room and amount of foot traffic you expect. Why spend money on installation, when you can do it yourself. If you want to learn more on how to install your vinyl floor, read on our step by step guide below.

Vinyl Floor Glue

  • The first and most important thing is to measure and order the vinyl floor you like. Make sure you measure the size of the room correctly. It is better to have extra vinyl sheets than to run out of it in the middle of the installation process.
  • Before you begin with the installation, make sure you remove all the furniture and appliances. Some furniture pieces like vanities and cabinetry have permanent location so you don’t have to move those pieces.
  • It’s important to remove your old floor before installing your new vinyl. Pull out every nail and staple you encounter and remove all threshold strips that hold the doorway edges. In some cases, old flooring might contain asbestos, so make sure you call professionals to remove it. But if you do not want to take out your old floors, you do not have to. Just remember that your vinyl floor will be a bit higher than normal.
  • To avoid any mistakes, you should make a paper template of the floor. This will help you cut the vinyl much easier. Lay the paper across the floor and cut out built-in obstacles and corners. Tape the pieces of paper to form a complete form of your new vinyl flooring.
  • Prepare the under-layer first before applying vinyl floor glue. This thick layer of plywood provides a sturdy base and smooths the floor out. Once placed, leave the under-layer for 2 or 3 days to get adjusted to the humidity levels of the room.
  • Before you apply vinyl floor glue, you need to smooth the under-layer with a sander and staple all the way through the plywood.
  • Now, it’s time to determine the application process for your vinyl. You can either choose self-stick or unglued type of vinyl. The unglued vinyl flooring requires more work, but last longer and is more secure. You just need to apply vinyl floor glue across the layer prior to placing the vinyl floor you want.

Invented back in the 1930’s, the flooring vinyl made a huge impact in the world of architecture. By the 1950’s, the vinyl flooring became a major competitor to all other flooring types as a water resistant and low cost option. Many other desirable features continue to make this flooring solution a primary choice for many. So, if you are planning on renovating your home, installing flooring vinyl is the first thing you should do. This flooring option comes in many different styles and designs; it is very easy to maintain, and easy to install. Here are few steps on how to install your new vinyl flooring.

Flooring Vinyl

Prepare The Existing Floor – With the right adhesive and preparation, flooring vinyl can be installed over any dry and clean surface. If you want to install the vinyl over concrete, inspect for excess moisture by gluing one piece of vinyl and tap the edges. Leave the piece for 72 hours and then try to pull it up. If it comes up easily, this means there is too much moisture in the concrete. In some cases, the flooring vinyl can be glued directly to the existing wood, vinyl or ceramic tile floors, but you will need a special glue and fillers.

Cut Out A Paper Template – Once your old floor is cleaned and prepped, you can use a paper template to mark both the sheet flooring vinyl and the new layer for cutting. Use heavy paper for your template.

Install A Smooth Plywood Underlayment – A great smooth surface is vital for proper installation of the flooring vinyl. The easiest way to achieve this is to install a layer over the existing floor. Also, make sure the plywood that is going to be used is durable enough to be used under the vinyl.

Cut The Vinyl According To The Template – Once you have installed the underlayment and have created the template, you can cut out the flooring vinyl and start gluing it down. If your vinyl flooring has a symmetrical pattern, you will have to make a decision how to join the templates in order to get the look you want. If you have to unite two flooring pieces with steam, first match the patterns and then tape them together.

Glue It – When you are done cutting the vinyl, carefully roll the vinyl and brush off any remaining debris or dirt. Then unroll the flooring vinyl in the room an check the fit.

Regular Maintenance Is A Must – Once you have installed your flooring vinyl, make sure you regularly maintain it to keep it in good condition as long as possible. If possible, use protective pads under the chairs and the table legs, and avoid walking with high heels. When moving heavy furniture or appliances over the floor, protect the floor first. Regularly vacuum and mop and always clean grit and dirt right away, and use special cleaning solutions which are recommended for vinyl flooring.